Understanding the Medicare Levy

Ever wondered why your EOFY tax bill was higher than you expected? It could be because of the Medicare Levy. So what does the levy pay for – and how is it calculated?

What is the Medicare Levy?

Medicare is Australia’s publicly funded national healthcare system. The federal government funds the system by charging taxpayers a levy on top of their annual income tax. Thanks to this levy, all Australians can enjoy access to quality health care.

What does it cover?

Medicare provides access to a wide range of health care and hospital services, including:

How much is it?

For most eligible taxpayers, the levy is currently charged at

2% of their taxable income. However, the government has proposed to increase this rate to 2.5%. If this legislation is passed, it will take effect in July 2019.

When do you pay it?

If you’re required to pay the Medicare Levy, it’s automatically calculated against your taxable income when you lodge your yearly tax return.

You can use the Medical Levy Calculator on the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) website to work out how much you can expect to pay.

Is anyone exempt?

If you’re single and your taxable income was below $21,655 for the 2016–17 financial year (or $34,244 if you’re a single senior or pensioner entitled to the seniors and pensioners tax offset), then you don’t have to pay the Medicare Levy.

For families, you’ll be exempt from the Medicare Levy if your 2016–17 household income was below $36,541 (or $47,670 for eligible seniors and pensioners), plus $3,356 for each dependent child or student.

You may also be exempt if:

Keep in mind, there are specific requirements for each category, so you may need to check whether you’re eligible for an exemption.

Are some people charged a different rate?

There are instances when some people will only be charged a partial Medicare Levy. For instance, you’ll pay a reduce rate if you’re single without dependants and your taxable income for the 2016-17 financial year was above the exemption threshold but less than $27,069 (or $42,806 for seniors and pensioners entitled to the seniors and pensioners tax offset).

Families may be charged a partial Medicare Levy if their household taxable income is below $45,676 (plus $4,195 for each dependent child).

To be eligible for a reduction, you also need to meet certain conditions.

What is the Medicare Levy Surcharge?

If you don’t have the appropriate level of private hospital insurance, you may be charged an extra amount on top of the 2% levy. This is called the Medical Levy Surcharge (MLS) and only applies if your taxable income is over $90,000 for singles or $180,000 for families.

The MLS can range from an additional 1% to 1.5% depending on your income level. You can see a full breakdown of thresholds and rates on the ATO website.

 What if you have private cover?

If you have an acceptable level of private hospital insurance, you won’t be charged the MLS. But first, you’ll need to provide information about your private health cover payments on your tax return.

For more information

If you’d like to know more about how the Medicare Levy might impact your financial situation, speak to the Financial Planning Team at The Money Edge on 07 4151 8898.


Important information This document has been prepared by Count Financial Limited ABN 19 001 974 625, AFSL 227232, (Count) a wholly-owned, non-guaranteed subsidiary of Commonwealth Bank of Australia ABN 48 123 123 124. ‘Count’ and Count Wealth Accountants® are trading names of Count. Count advisers are authorised representatives of Count. Count is a Professional Partner of the Financial Planning Association of Australia Limited. Information in this document is based on current regulatory requirements and laws, as at 4 May 2016, which may be subject to change. While care has been taken in the preparation of this document, no liability is accepted by Count, its related entities, agents and employees for any loss arising from reliance on this document. This document contains general advice. It does not take account of your individual objectives, financial situation or needs. You should consider talking to a financial adviser before making a financial decision. Taxation considerations are general and based on present taxation laws, rulings and their interpretation and may be subject to change. You should seek professional tax advice before making any decision based on this information. Should you wish to opt out of receiving direct marketing material from your adviser, please notify your adviser by email, phone or in writing.



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